This web site intends to use only information based on Primary Sources.
By a primary source we mean the contemporaneous, documented, and reliable viewpoint of an individual participant or observer usually in the form of:
- Newspapers, periodicals and other published materials reporting actual events, interviews, etc., by participants or observers.
- Journals, speeches, letters, memos, manuscripts, diaries and other papers in which individuals describe events in which they were participants or observers.
- Records of organizations. The minutes, reports, correspondence, etc. of an organization or agency.
- Primary accounts contained in memoirs, biography and autobiography although these may be less reliable if they are written well after the event especially if distorted by personal agenda, dimming memory or the revised perspective that may come with hindsight.
- Period photographs.
Included articles, essays, and ephemera are in the public domain because their copyright has expired. All images are mere mechanical scans or photocopies of public domain originals. From the available evidence they are so similar to such scans or photocopies that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in the public domain because their copyright has expired.
Original text is copyright John Cooper.
other works cited
Letters: Holland, Merlin and and Hart-Davis, Rupert, Eds. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde, London: Fourth Estate; New York: Henry Holt, 2000.
Interviews: Oscar Wilde in America: The Interviews, by Oscar Wilde, Gary Scharnhorst (Editor), Matthew Hofer (Editor). University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Ellmann: Ellmann, Richard. Oscar Wilde. London: Hamish Hamilton; New York: Knopf, 1987.
Beckson: Beckson, Karl E., ed. The Oscar Wilde Encyclopedia. New York: AMS Press, 1998.
L&S: Lloyd Lewis and Henry Justin Smith. Oscar Wilde Discovers America: 1882, 1936. New York: Benjamin Blom, reprinted 1967.
Mikhail: Mikhail, E. H., ed. Oscar Wilde: Interviews and Recollections. 2 vols. London: MacMillan, 1979.
Page: Page, Norman. An Oscar Wilde Chronology. Houndmills: MacMillian; Boston: G. K. Hall, 1991.
Ransome: Ransome, Arthur. Oscar Wilde A Critical Study, 1912.
Miscellanies: Vol. XIV of The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde, 1908, fourteen vols. edited by Robert Ross.
NYT: The New York Times.
NYH: The New York Herald
NYW: The New York World
NYTRIB: New York Tribune
BE: Brooklyn Eagle
CHTRIB: Chicago Tribune
NYPL: New York Public Library
Throughout this site you will see reference to Mason. This is a common notation in Wilde studies and it refers to:
Bibliography of Oscar Wilde, (1914)
by Stuart Mason 
LONDON | T. WERNER LAURIE LTD.
 Pen name of Christopher Sclater Millard.