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Oscar Wilde In America

a selected resource of oscar wilde's visits to america

ss-arizona1S.S. Arizona

The ship on which Oscar Wilde first sailed to America was the Guion passenger liner S.S. Arizona.

Apart from providing Oscar with his famously disappointing experience of the Atlantic, the ship would have little significance in the story of Oscar Wilde, and would normally go unrecognized did it not itself have some noteworthy historical interest.

Arizona entered service in 1879 working the Liverpool-Queenstown-New York route mainly as an immigrant ship, and soon held prestigious record times for the crossing (picture top).

USS-HancockIn August of her first year a notorious murder took place on board, and not long afterwards, in November, the ship collided head-on with an iceberg en route from New York to Liverpool.

Undaunted by this inauspicious start to her career, Arizona continued to ply her trade until finding fame as the ship that both Oscar Wilde (for his 1882 Lecture Tour) and famous actress Lillie Langtry ventured aboard for their inaugural visits to America.

Arizona was laid up in Scotland between 1894-97 and rebuilt with one funnel. She was briefly employed in the Pacific before being sold to the War Department and used for Army transport. In 1902, she was acquired by the US Navy for use as a receiving ship at the Brooklyn Navy Yard and recommissioned as Hancock. (picture bottom).

She served also as a troopship in the First World War and continued in various duties until she was sold for scrap in May 1926.

Sources and for more:


guion-picguion-pic1guion line

The Liverpool and Great Western Steamship Company, known commonly as the Guion Line, was a British passenger service that operated the Liverpool-Queenstown-New York route from 1866 to 1894.

The company was incorporated in Great Britain, but 52% of its capital was from the American firm Williams and Guion of New York.

Known primarily as an emigrant ship in 1879, the line started commissioning Blue Riband record breakers to compete against Cunard, White Star and Inman for first class passengers.

The financial troubles of one of the company's major partners in 1884 forced the firm to return its latest record breaker, the Oregon, to her builders and focus again on the immigrant trade. The company suspended sailings in1894 because of new American restrictions on immigrant traffic.

the s.s. arizona manifest

WildeManifestoscar wilde

The S.S. Arizona arrived late on January 2, 1882 and the ship lay at quarantine overnight.

On the morning of January 3rd, the Arizona pulled into its dock and passengers headed for the customs shed at Castle Garden, which was the point of entry for visitors to New York and a major receiving station for immigrants prior to the opening of Ellis Island some ten years later.

The ship's master, George Siddons Murray, delivered to the Collector of the Customs of the Collection District of New York the Arizona's passenger manifest. Among those names was passenger no. 114, Oscar Wilde, gentleman.

See the complete Passenger Manifest


Oscar Wilde's Arrival in New York 1882.




arizona-collisionOscar Wilde wrote over 80 articles and reviews for London's Pall Mall Gazette between 1885-90. The editor at that time was W.T. Stead, a friend and supporter of Wilde, who was to ultimately lose his life in the Titanic sinking of 1912. It is intriguing to wonder whether Oscar Wilde, had he lived, would have been aboard Titanic?

We will never know, of course. One thing we do know is that the ship Wilde sailed on to cross the Atlantic, SS Arizona, had its own Titanic moment 2 years or so before Wilde's crossing in 1882..

On November 7, 1879 en route to Liverpool from New York, Arizona hit an iceberg close to the location where Titanic sank. Also, like Titanic, failures in the ship's look-out provisions contributed to the disaster, and the owner of the line was on board (Stephen Guion, with two of his nieces).

But unlike Titanic, Arizona collided head-on with the iceberg and all passengers survived. It has been asserted with some certainty that had Titanic hit the iceberg in this way, rather than a glancing blow, she would also have survived.

Arizona, even with severe damage (picture), remained afloat and was able to proceed to St. John's where she underwent temporary repairs before returning to Scotland. Guion advertised this near disaster as proof of Arizona's strength.

Full story at Norway Heritage.

Lillie-Langtry-1885-DowneyLillie langtry arrives in new York
greeted by oscar wilde

One the most celebrated personalities of the late Victorian period was British music hall singer and stage actress, Lillie (aka Lily) Langtry.

She was famous for her many stage productions LillieLangtry-Milesincluding She Stoops to Conquer, The Lady of Lyons and As You Like It, and infamous for relationships with members of the nobility.

When Mrs. Langtry arrived in New York on October 23rd, 1882, it was also on board the S.S. Arizona.

There to meet her was Oscar Wilde, who was one of several guests aboard the steamer, Laura M. Starin, that had been commissioned by Langtry's US manager, Henry E. Abbey, as a reception party vessel. At daybreak on the day of arrival the Starin, complete with a musical band and an ample spread of food, steamed down the bay from the 23rd Street pier to pull alongside the Arizona.

The first person Mrs. Langtry spoke to over the rail was Oscar Wilde, whose long hair, fur overcoat and strange hat evoked remarks from the throng.

Mrs. Langtry later in the day lodged at the Albemarle Hotel in the same suite of rooms occupied by Sarah Bernhardt before her, from where she watched the Park Theatre burn on the day she was to debut there.


The New-York Herald, October 24, 1882, 5

Murder aboard S.S. ARIZONA

On Friday August 15th, 1879, a murder took place on S.S. Arizona: a steward, Owen Jones, was stabbed to death by a steerage passenger, Urban Catlow.

For the full story see the newspaper reports below.

New York Times 1
New York Times 2



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