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Oscar Wilde In America

QUOTATIONS BY OSCAR WILDE MADE IN OR ABOUT AMERICA

QUOTATION: In the morning I took out a comma, but on mature reflection, I put it back again.

WHERE it BEGAN TO BE NOTED

This Wildean mocking of literary ennui was ostensibly made by Wilde at an English country house some time before 1882—but evidently it was not noted until 1884 in America, a little time after Wilde's visits there.

American newspapers often carried anecdotes about Wilde, and the remarks about the comma appear as an exchange in one of the stories either he was relating, or that were being related about him [1].

The first example is from the The Topeka Daily Capital, on June 5, 1884 (opposite top).

The Topeka example is a reprinting from the New York Graphic, (not found) which was identically reprinted that year in The Indiana Herald, on June 11, Watkins Express (Schuyler Co., NY) on June 12, the Fort Wayne Daily Gazette on June 13, the Coffeyville Weekly Journal on June 14, &c.

 

WHERE it was repeated

British journals appear to have been quick to seize upon good copy appropriated from other newspapers, even from as far as America.

The second example (opposite) is a reprinting of the American story with only minor changes, and appeared later that year in Household Words: A Weekly Journal, edited by Charles Dickens.

 

Where it is popularly sourced

The quotation has been variously recorded, but the version that has been the popular source for successive biographers is Sherard.

Wilde's first biographer, Robert Harborough Sherard (1861—1943), wrote several books about Wilde and his circle, and he included the anecdote, slightly amended, in his first two biographies (examples 3 and 4 opposite).

Sherad's reference to the 'English country house' suggests that his source may have been the earlier press reports rather than personal reminiscence—if so, his accounts contain some artistic licence, including the improvement of the afternoon for the comma's return.

Original research and text by John Cooper

 

[1] It is impossible to know whether the story, even if told by Wilde, is based on a fact or frivolity—but on the evidence it is a fair inference given its nature to attribute it to him (cf. Gustave Flaubert, below)

commaquote2

The Topeka Daily Capital, Topeka, KS, June 5, 1884, 6

Dickens

Household Words: A Weekly Journal, Volume 8, November 1884 to April 1885 (Odds and Ends, p.79), Charles Dickens, Ed.

Sherard1

Sherard, Robert Harborough, Oscar Wilde: The Story of an Unhappy Friendship, The Hermes Press, 1902

Sherard2

Sherard, Robert Harborough, The Life of Oscar Wilde. London: T. Werner Laurie, 1906

Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)

flaubert1Some sources associate the idea appropriately with the famously fastidious Flaubert, but this may be a confusion with a letter he wrote to Leon Lauren-Pichat, on December 7, 1856, in which he asserted that he would not change even a comma of a manuscript. ‪

flaubert

The Letters of Gustave Flaubert, 1830-1857‬, Volume 1, ‪Harvard University Press‬, 1980

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