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Oscar Wilde In America

oscar wilde's 1882 lecture tour of america

YMCA
Philadelphia, PA

The Decorative Arts* | Association Hall | Wednesday, May 10, 1882

* See Clarification below.

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verification

Newspaper Report

The Times (Philadelphia), May 11, 1882, 4

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Indication

Printed invitation (on translucent paper)

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Copies of this announcement are known at
The Rosenbach Museum and Library (Philadelphia) and The William Andrews Clark Memorial Library (UCLA)

verification of date

Published biography

Charles Godfrey Leland: a biography, in two volumes. Volume II, by Elizabeth Robins Pennell (his niece). ‪Houghton, Mifflin‬, and Company, 1906.

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clarification

The full title of the lecture as advertised was:
Art Decoration - 'The Practical Application of the Principles of the Aesthetic Theory to Exterior and Interior House Decoration, With Observations upon Dress and Personal Ornaments' (see opposite)

This latter reference to dress is an example of how Wilde was at this time was adding allusions to his subject matter that would eventually become a separate lecture (given in the UK and Ireland) and essay on the subject of Dress, a full history and exploration of which can be found in Oscar Wilde on Dress (John Cooper, CSM Press, 2013).

clarification of previous itineraries

This second lecture in Philadelphia does not appear in the previous itineraries published by Mikhail, Ellmann or Page. It does appear in Beckson but with an incorrect venue. See Itinerary Comparison.

clarification of date

Essays and Lectures by Oscar Wilde, London: Methuen and Co., 1908, noted in reference to this lecture: "The earliest date on which it is known to have been given is May 11, 1882".

As can be seen above this date is in error, and indeed had already been corrected in Mason as early as 1914 (below).

masoncorrectsmay11

inference

A second meeting with Walt Whitman

waltwhitmanIn 1882 Walt Whitman was living in retirement in the city of Camden, a suburb of Philadelphia located across the Delaware River. Wilde's meeting with Whitman on his first visit to Philadelphia on January 18th, one that lasted about two hours, is well documented.

However, the contemporaneous journal entry by Leland (opposite) indicates that Wilde met Whitman again on May 10th. Leland's account is that Wilde, again lecturing in Philadelphia, had just returned from 'an hour at the feet' of Whitman.

Indeed Wilde had written to Whitman while he was in Chicago on March 1, 1882, requesting a second visit with him.

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